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S.T. Gill in Maps


Introduction

S.T. Gill painted many scenes that can be geographically located. Place and time supply context to a picture. This in turn can allow us to identify additional features – buildings, landmarks or even people – further enhancing context. Clearly it helps to use 1840s maps of South Australia to locate the scenes, but later images, even photographs, can also help.

Developing the Maps

Digitised maps and map warping. Collecting institutions have digitised many historical maps. To use an image for online mapping, it needs to be obtained at sufficient resolution and then geo-referenced / geo-located / geo-rectified (these terms are used somewhat interchangeably). I've found National Library of Australia (NLA) downloads to be of good resolution for mapping purposes. To get higher resolution maps from the State Library of South Australia (SLSA) collection I use Tim Sherratt's GLAM Workbench – SLSA tile stitching tool . Next I geo-reference any downloaded image using MapWarper . This process results in image "tiles" that can be used as the background in an interactive online map.

Types of Maps and How to Use Them

This project uses two types of interactive online maps:

In artwork maps, each work's marker has descriptive text and an image where available. Art work images are not stored but are dynamically displayed from the online services of the collecting institution. Links are provided to each artwork in the collecting institution's catalogue system. The viewpoint includes where possible a view bearing (in degrees; 0 being north, 180 being south, etc). Dates in the descriptive text are generally in yyyy-mm-dd format and more specifically in Extended Date/Time Format (EDTF) .

The interactive online maps are created using OpenStreetMap's uMap platform . Help is available in uMap/Guide . You can't change the map content, but you can change your view by browsing and filtering the data, hiding data layers, and changing the map background. With Browse data | Filter you can find content by subject, title, description or owner. For eaxmple, filtering by "ch" shows chapels, churches and schools. You can filter by holding institution such as AGSA, SLSA, NLA or SLNSW. You can select any of several uMap backgrounds and also revert to the default historical map background (at the end of the list).

These maps rely on the availability of many external services. Click to check the availability of external online image and map services used in this project. .

There are about 200 artworks analysed in these maps. To find a specific picture check the index of works referenced in these web pages and associated maps.

I consider some of these maps are effectively complete, but with the others I'm inviting you to look over my shoulder at a work in progress. There will inevitably be flaws in my work despite my best efforts. I welcome constructive critique.

Maps in this Project

Click the link to jump to the map of interest:


Map of Adelaide (Kingston, 1842)

Availability: Available online
Status: Complete
The Kingston map represents colonial Adelaide at the beginning of 1842. This map is useful for identifying contemporary buildings and landmarks. References from this map are used as pins in my map: S.T. Gill - Adelaide. Digitised map image from NLA.
Web page: ..\1842_Kingston_Map\index.htm 

Open map in full screen 


Plan of the City of Adelaide (Penman, 1849)

Availability: Available online
Status: Complete
This map is somewhat imprecise but is useful for identifying contemporary buildings and landmarks. References from this map are used as pins in my map: S.T. Gill - Adelaide.. Digitised map image from SLSA.

Open map in full screen 


S. T. Gill - South Australia

Availability: Not yet available
Status: Under development
This map of South Australia contains links to more detailed maps and shows any other S.T. Gill paintings that are not covered by those maps.


S. T. Gill - Adelaide District

Availability: Available online
Status: Ongoing
This map of the District of Adelaide contains links to more detailed maps and shows paintings by S.T. Gill and select paintings by other artists that are not covered by those maps. Digitised map image from NLA.

Open map in full screen 


S. T. Gill - Adelaide

Availability: Available online
Status: Ongoing
This map shows S.T. Gill's paintings of Adelaide along with select contemporary pictures by other artists. It includes pins of features from the 1842 Kingston and 1849 Penman maps of Adelaide. Digitised map image from SLNSW.

Open map in full screen 


S. T. Gill - Port Adelaide

Availability: Available online
Status: Complete
This map shows S.T. Gill's paintings of Port Adelaide along with select contemporary pictures by other artists. Digitised map image from SLSA.
Web page: ..\1840s_South_Australia\S_T_Gill_and_Port_Adelaide.htm 

Open map in full screen 


S. T. Gill - Prospect House

Availability: Available online
Status: Complete
This map and accompanying article adds to our historical understanding of S.T. Gill's pictures of Prospect House of December 1849 and (likely early) 1850.
Web page: S_T_Gill_and_Prospect_House.htm 

Open map in full screen 


S. T. Gill and Horrocks expedition 1846

Availability: Not yet available
Status: Under development
This map shows S.T. Gill's paintings of the the 1846 Horrocks expedition, the route taken and diary entries.


S. T. Gill - Sturt's Narrative of an Expedition

Availability: Available online
Status: Complete
The map locates select pictures connected to S.T. Gill and Sturt's book "Narrative of an Expedition ...". The background map image is also from the book.
Web page: S_T_Gill's_and_Sturt's_Narrative.htm 

Open map in full screen 


S. T. Gill - Burra

Availability: Not yet available
Status: Under development
This map shows S.T. Gill's paintings of Burra Burra.



David Coombe, May 2021.
(Updated 9 July 2021.) | text copyright

CITE THIS: David Coombe, 2021, S.T. Gill in Maps, accessed dd mmm yyyy, <http://coombe.id.au/S_T_Gill/S_T_Gill_in_Maps.htm>